Emerging industries accelerate to take off on the

2022-09-22
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On the "runway" of the crisis, emerging industries have accelerated take-off

the shadow of the financial crisis has not yet dissipated, but since this year, the development of high-tech emerging industries in Jiangsu has soared against the market, and the growth rate has not decreased. Some people figuratively compare it to "three more": more profits and benefits, more high-level talents, and more enterprise patents

in the "runway" of the financial crisis, various industries have risen and fallen, but the accelerating take-off is basically high-tech emerging industries, and most of the "emergency landing" are traditional industries

"every economic crisis will give birth to a new technological revolution, and every economic recovery cannot be separated from the strong drive of technological innovation." Liang Baohua, Secretary of the Jiangsu provincial Party committee, made this speech at the provincial Party committee working meeting, which is a summary of the "seeking progress in danger and climbing up in difficulty" of Jiangsu's economy over the past ten months, and also points out the direction for consolidating and expanding the rebound momentum of Jiangsu's economy

on the "runway" of the crisis, look for a growth pole to support the economy

160million a day, serving the world on the keyboard

on June 14, the Runhe software headquarters on Nanjing Yuecheng Avenue was quiet. In the office area of more than 7000 square meters, only crackling keyboard tapping was heard. Next month, a batch of new software developed here will be installed in Europe. When domestic enterprises are looking for foreign business owners to do business, the Japanese subsidiaries and offices in Silicon Valley merged by Runhe directly send orders from American GE, German Phoenix Contact and other owners to Nanjing, and offshore outsourcing will increase by more than 50% this year

there are more than 700 enterprises like Runhe that "serve the world on the keyboard". Among the 90000 IT employees in the city, the software sales last year was 48.3 billion yuan, and this year will be 60billion yuan, with an average daily sales of 160million yuan

statistics show that in the first quarter of this year, Jiangsu Province achieved a GDP of 665.32 billion yuan, an increase of 10.2% year-on-year, not only surpassing the surrounding coastal economically developed provinces, but also significantly higher than the national average

what is currently supporting the balanced and rapid economic growth of Jiangsu

"it is highly integrated. In terms of Jiangsu, what supports economic growth is that it still maintains high-speed growth." Luo Zhijun, the governor of Jiangsu Province, pointed out pointedly that he believed that the industries that could still maintain high-speed growth in the adverse trend were new high-tech emerging industries with technological content, independent intellectual property rights and independent brands, such as software creativity, solar photovoltaic, wind power equipment, biomedicine, rail transit, strategic new materials, etc

it is understood that the total industrial scale of Jiangsu Province is 5trillion, of which nearly 30% comes from high-tech industries, and more than 60% of the output value of high-tech industries comes from the top 10 high-tech emerging industries

According to the latest data, from January to may, the high-tech industry in Jiangsu Province achieved an output value of 784billion yuan, with a year-on-year increase of more than 11.9%, higher than the check 4. Whether the installation position of the displacement sensor is correct: due to the design of industries above different scales, 4.9 percentage points. A number of high-tech emerging industries represented by software, photovoltaic, wind power, creativity, new materials, biomedicine, etc. have continued to rise this year on the basis of a high growth rate of 30-40% for six consecutive years, and have become the backbone supporting current economic growth

at present, many emerging industries in Jiangsu have grown from scratch, showing explosive growth in recent years, and quickly become domestic leaders: the photovoltaic industry has established a complete industrial chain from polysilicon preparation, monocrystalline silicon drawing, silicon wafer cutting, batteries and components, power generation systems, etc., with nearly 300 photovoltaic production enterprises in the province, accounting for 70% of the domestic production capacity

wind power equipment has initially built a megawatt level complete machine, blades, control system, generator, gearbox and key component supporting system. All domestic wind power industry giants have gathered in Jiangsu, forming two control modes, d control and conditioning mode 2 Mohu control and conditioning mode (the first in the industry) is the most complete wind power independent equipment industry chain in China, and its output value accounts for about 30% of the country

rail transit equipment has formed a number of important backbone enterprises and R & D institutions in the fields of vehicle design and manufacturing, power traction, door system, signal control, air braking and comprehensive management. There are more than 250 rail transit enterprises in the province, accounting for 35% of the national output value

"although the scale of emerging industries can't match the current total industrial volume, and the emerging industries of the traditional industries that shrank after the financial crisis can't be completely palletized, I believe that through the efforts of this year and next year, the emerging industries in the province will reach a scale of 20000 not too long-term experimental machines billion by 2010, which will certainly be able to fill the gap caused by the decline of traditional industries." Zhu Kejiang is confident in the development of emerging industries

in the economic ups and downs, emerging industries have highlighted their core competitiveness

since the end of last year, the global consumer market has been generally depressed, and the pressure on the export situation of textile, electromechanical and other foreign trade of traditional industries has increased sharply, but the export momentum of emerging industries has maintained rapid growth. From January to may, the year-on-year growth rate of solar photovoltaic exports reached 56%, wind power generation equipment reached 202.2%, semiconductor lighting reached 59%, and modern communication and networking equipment reached 29.2%, Energy saving equipment reached 78.4%, and biopharmaceutical reached 187.3%

in front of the same market, what does the contrast between the new and the old show? Is it the "love the new and hate the old" of market demand or the natural survival law of the survival of the fittest

"the essence of the crisis is a cyclical change. The shrinkage of market demand leads to the excess of industrial capacity. The outbreak of the crisis is also a self-regulation of market demand. When the old demand continues to shrink, new demand will be born, which brings a rare opportunity for emerging industries." Zhu Kejiang believes

the key to guiding industrial development and market demand is core technology. Only with core technology can we control industrial development. From product pricing, market organization, the formation of industrial chain to the size of the industry, we can the final say; Only with core technology can we obtain high added value, high efficiency and competitiveness. For example, although Jiangsu has covered the production of all parts of notebook computers, the profit margin is less than 1%, while foreign countries can reach 4%

it can be said that in the traditional industrial division layout that has taken shape, it is difficult for Chinese enterprises to master the core technology. Only emerging industries that rely on independent intellectual property rights can form the core technology. This is the key condition for coping with the crisis, mastering the market initiative and winning competitiveness, and it is also the reflexive fight for Chinese enterprises to participate in the competition on the international stage

in an interview with Jiangyin "Yuanjing wind power" recently, Ju Chun, assistant to the president, told: the price of each fan is more than 10million yuan, and the power generation per hour can reach 1.5 MW. Due to the mastery of independent intellectual property rights in the most difficult core control of wind power technology, the output of the 20 person "overseas returnees" team of vision this year is expected to reach about 2billion yuan

"the contribution of emerging industries to economic development is not limited to the high profits and high taxes brought by them, but lies in the fact that high efficiency drives high investment, so that enterprises continue to innovate and new technologies are born, so as to promote the sustainable development of the whole industry." Zhu Kejiang said that major foreign pharmaceutical companies often invest hundreds of millions or even 1billion dollars in new drug research and development, while domestic pharmaceutical enterprises do not have so much capital to invest in research and innovation. The fundamental reason is that low-end products can't earn so much money, no investment if they don't make money, and no development if they don't invest. "In recent years, the explosive growth of emerging industries in Jiangsu has been forced out from the perspective of industrial competition."

in order to strengthen the forward-looking deployment of industrial innovation and seize the commanding heights of future industrial technology, the Jiangsu Provincial Department of science and Technology launched and implemented the "841 climbing plan for the development of high-tech industries" in 2008, focusing on 100 strategic products, strengthening the in-depth deployment of technological breakthroughs, striving to break through 800 key technical problems in three years, transform 400 major scientific and technological achievements, and make them an important support for the next round of economic development

after the total number of patent applications exceeded 128000 last year, ranking first in the country, the number of patent applications and authorizations in Jiangsu Province is still soaring this year: from January to may, 47117 patents were applied for, an increase of 68.9% year-on-year, of which 9845 invention patents were applied for, an increase of 65.2% year-on-year; 22517 patents were authorized, with a year-on-year increase of 42.8%. There were 22259 patent applications from enterprises in the province, with a year-on-year increase of 80.4%, accounting for 47.2% of the total patent applications in the province; 12272 enterprise patents were authorized, with a year-on-year increase of 52.8%, accounting for 54.5% of the total number of patents authorized in the province

in adjusting the trend, the government should be the industry "mentor"

in an interview not long ago, an entrepreneur who has been dealing with government departments for many years made an image metaphor:

in the past, the government was like a "nanny". Enterprises were responsible for what technologies they developed and what products they produced; The current government is more like a "mentor", focusing on industrial cultivation, platform construction, resource allocation, and science and technology plan funds have become the orientation of industry and enterprise innovation

"in the current complex situation, government departments must deal with the two relations." Zhu Kejiang believes. First, handle the current and long-term relationship well. At present, the main task is to maintain growth, while in the long run, it is to seek the improvement of long-term competitiveness. To maintain growth, we must have new growth points. Emerging industries with high efficiency, high added value and rapid development meet such requirements. In the long run, the competitiveness of regional development must rely on emerging industries, which is also in line with the current international trend

second, handle the relationship between industry and products. It is the business of enterprises that products are directly oriented to the market, and the government should give products to enterprises freely; Industry is the business of the government. The competitiveness of a region comes from industry. At the same time, industry needs planning, resources and environment, which is impossible for a single enterprise. The government must manage industry, especially emerging industries

how should the government focus on industry? Zhu Kejiang believes that emerging industries need careful cultivation, policy guidance, macro environment, and support for a number of enterprises. Therefore, we must pay attention to leading enterprises, resource allocation, R & D and core technology, backbone products, and industrial chains. This has been fully proved in the practice of Jiangsu in recent years

"in recent years, the Jiangsu provincial Party committee and the provincial government have identified the direction and path, and various departments have cooperated to promote industrial development. Among them, the science and Technology Department has been involved in the planning and cultivation of emerging industries earlier, which has led to the rapid industrialization of a large number of high-tech achievements, forming the top ten emerging industries with strong momentum at present." Zhu Kejiang told

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